GENERAL APPEARANCE - Typical concave lined brachycephalic mollossoid [short-headed Mastiff type]. The Dogue de Bordeaux is a very powerful dog, with a very muscular body yet retaining a harmonious general outline. He is built rather close to the ground, the distance sternum to ground being slightly less than the depth of the chest. Stocky, athletic, imposing, he has a very dissuasive aspect.
The length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock, is superior to [greater than] the height at the withers, in the proportion of 11:10.
The depth of the chest is more than half the height at the withers.
The maximum length of the muzzle is equal to one third of the length of the head.
In the male, the perimeter [circumference] of the skull corresponds, more or less, to the height at the withers.
CHARACTERISTICS - [See also under General Appearance and Temperament].
The undershot bite is characteristic of the breed. Bitches have identical charateristics as males but less pronouced.
TEMPERAMENT - An ancient fighting dog, the Dogue de Bordeaux is gifted for guarding, which he assumes with vigilance and great courage, but without aggressiveness. A good companion, very attached to his master and very affectionate. Calm, balanced with a high stimulus threshold. The male normally has a dominant character.
HEAD AND SKULL -Voluminous, angular, broad, rather short, trapezoid when viewed from above and in front [trapezoid means a four sided object with two sides parallel. See the diagram of the head, and, viewed from the front, it will be noted that the top and bottom surfaces are parallel whilst the two sides are not, being wider at the top than at the bottom].
Cranial Region [Skull]:
In the male, the perimeter [circumference] of the skull measured at the level of its greatest width corresponds roughly to the height at the withers. In bitches, it may be slightly less.
Its volume and shape are the consequences of the very important development of the temporals [bones of the temple], supra-orbital arches [ over the eye sockets or eyebrows], zygomatic arches [bony ridges forming the lower edges of the eye sockets] and the spacing of the branches of the lower jaw. The upper region of the skull is slightly convex [arched] from one side to the other.
Fronto-nasal or stop is very pronounced, almost forming a right angle with the muzzle (95 to 100 degrees).
The frontal groove is deep, diminishing towards the posterior end of the head. The forehead dominates the face, however it is still wider than high.The head is furrowed with symmetrical wrinkles, each side of the median groove. These deep ropes of wrinkle are mobile depending on whether the dog is attentive or not.